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Library Services for Faculty: Copyright

Copyright and material in Moodle

Moodle makes it easy to provide students with access to documents including readings from journal articles and books chapters.

Please be aware that any copyrighted material placed in Moodle should either be considered fair use or you should seek permission for its use.

The four factors to consider in thinking about fair use include

  • The purpose and character of the use
  • The nature of the work
  • The amount used
  • The effect on the market

Columbia University Library Copyright advisory office offers a wealth of information on copyright and fair use.

The Fair Use Check list from Columbia University Library is a way to to see if your use leans toward fair use.

The Checklist and this introduction is licensed by a Creative Commons Attribution License with attribution to the original creators of the checklist Kenneth D. Crews (formerly of Columbia University) and Dwayne K. Buttler (University of Louisville) 




Copyright Presentation

Copyright and photocopied material for reserve

Photocopied materials placed on reserve must either...

1) meet the fair use provisions of the Copyright Law of the United States , or

2) be accompanied by a permission letter from the copyright owner.

The faculty member placing items on reserve is responsible for securing proper permission to use copyrighted materials from the publisher. Library staff will assist faculty in finding addresses of publishers. A sample permission letter is available in Microsoft Word and PDF formats. Copyright also applies to materials that are out of print; faculty members must make a "reasonable effort" to contact the publisher or author if the material is not currently in print.

For photocopies, each copy must include a notice of copyright. For material placed on reserve under fair use provisions, the library can stamp items with an appropriate notice. Where permission has been secured from a copyright owner, each item must include the notice of copyright permission supplied by the owner.

The fair use guidelines and copyright law also apply to material placed in Moodle.  The library recommends linking to articles instead of placing the actual document in Moodle when at all possible.


Persistent Links (stable URLs, durable links) are permanent URLs that do not change.  When you are searching in databases, the URLs that appear in your browser's address bar are temporary and may not work properly later on.

Each database will use a different system for supplying persistent URLs.  Some use the DOI (direct object identifer) which provides for a permanent link to content even if content moves. 

To provide access to off-campus students, you must include the EMU proxy server URL in front of the persistent link.

Persistent links in EBSCOhost databases already supply the proxy URL.


Persistent URLs

Here are several other ways to find persistent links in different databases.


Linking in Jstor